Chapter IV - The National Assembly


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Article 39. The National Assembly is the legislative organisation. It has the right to make decisions on the fundamental issues of the country. At the same time, it is the organisation which supervises and oversees the activities of the administrative and judicial organisations:

Article 40. The National Assembly has the following rights and duties:
1. To establish, endorse or amend the Constitution;
2. To consider, endorse, amend, or abrogate laws;
3. To determine, change, or abolish taxes and duties;
4. To consider and approve the strategic plans of socio-economic development and budget of the state;
5. To elect or remove the President of state and the Vice- President of state on the recommendation of the National Assembly Standing Committee;
6. To consider and approve the appointment or removal of the members of the government on the recommendation of the President of State;
7. To elect or remove the President of the People's Supreme Court and the Public Prosecutor-General on the recommendation of the National Assembly Standing Committee;
8. To decide on the establishment or dissolution of the ministries, ministry-equivalent organisations, provinces and municipalities and to determine the boundaries of provinces and municipalities on the recommendation of the Prime Minister;
9. To decide on granting general amnesties;
10. To decide on the ratification or abolition of treaties and agreements signed with foreign countries in accordance with international law and regulations;
11. To decide on matters of war or peace;
12. To supervise the observance of the Constitution and laws;
13. To exercise other rights and execute other duties as prescribed by law.

Article 41. Members of the National Assembly are elected by the Lao citizens in accordance with the provisions stipulated in the law.

The term of office the National Assembly is five years.

The election of the new National Assembly must be held not later than two months prior to the expiration of the term of office of the incumbent National Assembly.

In the case of war or any other circumstances that obstructs the election, the National Assembly may extend its term of office but it must carry out the election of the new National Assembly not later than six months after the situation returns to normal.

Article 42. The National Assembly elects its own Standing Committee which consists of the President, Vice-President and a number of members. The President and Vice-President of the National Assembly are also President and Vice-President of the National Assembly Standing Committee.

Article 43. The National Assembly convenes its ordinary session twice a year at the summoning of the National Assembly Standing Committee. The National Assembly Standing Committee may covene an extraordinary session of the National Assembly if it deems necessary.

Article 44. The National Assembly session shall be convened only with the presence of more than one-half of the total number of the National Assembly members. The resolutions of the National Assembly shall be valid only when they are voted for by more than one-half of the total number of the National Assembly members present at the session, except in the cases prescribed in Article 54 and Article 80 of the Constitution.

Article 45. The organisations and persons that have the rights to propose draft laws are as follows:
1. The President of state;
2. The National Assembly Standing Committee;
3. The Government;
4. The People's Supreme Court;
5. The Public Prosecutor-General;
6. The mass organisations at the central level.

Article 46. Laws already adopted by the National Assembly must be promulgated by the President of state not later than thirty days after their endorsement. During this period, the President of state has the right to request the National Assembly to reconsider such laws. If the National Assembly affirms to adhere to its previous decision in reconsidering such laws, the President of state must promulgate them within fifteen days.

Article 47. The questions related to the destiny of the country and the vital interests of the people must be submitted for approval of the National Assembly or the National Assembly Standing Committee during the two sessiuns of the National Assembly.

Article 48. The National Assembly Standing Committee has the following rights and duties:
1. To prepare for the National Assembly sessions and to ensure the implementation by the National Assembly of the program of activity it has set forth;
2. To interpret and explain the provisions of the constitution and laws;
3. To supervise and oversee the activities of the administrative and judicial organisations during the recess of the National Assembly;
4. To summon the National Assembly into sessions;
5. To exercise other rights and execute other duties as prescribed by law.

Article 49. The National Assembly establishes its own committees to consider draft laws, draft state decrees and state acts submitted to the National Assembly Standing Committee and the President of state ; and to assist the National Assembly and the National Assembly Standing Committee in exercising the rights of supervision of the functioning of the administrative and judicial organisations.

Article 50. Members of the National Assembly have the right to interpellate the members of the government, the President of the People's Supreme Court and the Public Prosecutor General. Organisations or persons interpellated must give verbal or written answers at the National Assembly session.

Article 51. Members of the National Assembly shall not be prosecuted in court or detained without the approval of the National Assembly or the National Assembly Standing Committee during the two sessions of the National Assembly. In cases involving gross and urgent offenses, the organisations detaining members of the National Assembly must immediately report to the National Assembly or to the National Assembly Standing Committee during the two sessions of the National Assembly for consideration and decisions concerning them. Inquiries and interrogations shall not cause the absence of prosecuted members from the National Assembly session.


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