Chapter VIII - The Judiciary Organizations



Article 65. The People's Courts are the judiciary organisations of the state comprising the People's Supreme Court, People's Provincial and Municipal Courts, People's District Courts and Military Courts.

Article 66. The People's Supreme Court is the highest judiciary organisation of the state. The People's Supreme Court scrutinizes the sentences reached by the people's local courts and the military courts.

Article 67. The Vice-President of the People's Supreme Court and the judges of the people's courts at all levels are appointed or removed by the National Assembly Standing Committee.

Article 68. The People's Courts make judges are to be independent and subject only to the law.

Article 69. Trials of cases at courts proceedings must be openly conducted except in cases as stipulated by law. The defendants have the right to defend themselves in the cases they are accused. The board of legal counselors have the right to in providing legal assistance to the defendants.

Article 70. Representatives of social organisations have the right to take part in court proceedings as provided by law.

Article 71. The sentences reached by the people's courts, which have become legally effective, must be respected by the party, state and social organisations and all citizens. the persons and organisations concerned must strictly implement them.


Article 72. The Public Prosecution Institutes consist of the Public Prosecutor-General Institute, the Public Prosecution Institutes of provinces, municipalities, and districts, and the military prosecution institutes.

The Public Prosecution Institutes have the following rights and duties:
1. To control the unified and correct observance of laws by all ministries, organisations attached to the government, social organisations, local administrative organisations, enterprises, state employees and all citizens;
2. To exercise the right of public prosecution.

Article 73. In carrying out their duties, the Public Prosecution Institutes are subject only to the laws and the instructions of the Public Prosecutor-General.