Constitution of the Republic of Singapore


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Arrangement of Provisions

PART I

PRELIMINARY

1 Citation

2 Interpretation

PART II

THE REPUBLIC AND THE CONSTITUTION

3 Republic of Singapore

4 Supremacy of Constitution

5 Amendment of Constitution

5 A President may withhold assent to certain constitutional amendments

PART III

PROTECTION OF THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE

6 No surrender of sovereignty or relinquishment of control over the Police Force or the Armed Forces except by referendum

7 Participation in co-operative international schemes which are beneficial to Singapore

8 No amendment to this Part except by referendum

PART IV

FUNDAMENTAL LIBERTIES

9 Liberty of the person

10 Slavery and forced labour prohibited

11 Protection against retrospective criminal laws and repeated trials

12 Equal protection

13 Prohibition of banishment and freedom of movement

14 Freedom of speech, assembly and association

15 Freedom of religion

16 Rights in respect of education

PART V

THE GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 1 - THE PRESIDENT

17 The President

18 Presidential Elections Committee

19 Qualifications and disabilities of President

20 Term of office

21 Discharge and performance of functions of President

22 Appointment of public officers, etc.

22A Appointment of members of statutory boards

22B Budgets of statutory boards

22C Appointment of directors of Government companies

22D Budgets of Government companies

22E Moneys of the Central Provident Fund

22F President’s access to information

22G Concurrence of President for certain investigations

22H President may withhold assent to certain Bills

22I Restraining order under Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act

22J Civil List and personal staff of President

22K Immunity of President from suit

22L Vacation of and removal from office of President

22M Determination by Election Judge that President was not duly elected or election of President was void

22N Persons to exercise functions of President when office is vacant

22O Temporary disability of President

22P Grant of pardon, etc.

CHAPTER 2 - THE EXECUTIVE

23 Executive authority of Singapore

24 Cabinet

25 Appointment of Prime Minister and Ministers

26 Tenure of office of Prime Minister and Ministers

27 Oath

28 Summoning of and presiding in Cabinet

29 Validity of proceedings in Cabinet

30 Assignment of responsibility to Ministers

31 Parliamentary Secretaries

32 Leave of absence for Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries

33 Disabilities of Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries

34 Permanent Secretaries

35 Attorney-General

36 Secretary to Cabinet

CHAPTER 3 - CAPACITY AS REGARDS PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS

37 Capacity of Government as regards property, contracts and suits

PART VA

COUNCIL OF PRESIDENTIAL ADVISERS

37A Interpretation of this Part

37B Council of Presidential Advisers

37C Temporary appointments during incapacity of members

37D Qualifications of members

37E Disqualifications of members

37F Termination of membership

37G Determination of questions as to membership

37H Oaths of Allegiance and Secrecy

37I Function of Council

37J Proceedings of Council

37K Council to report to Prime Minister and Parliament

37L Fees

37M Appointment of staff

PART VI

THE LEGISLATURE

38 Legislature of Singapore

39 Parliament

39A Group representation constituencies

40 Speaker

41 Remuneration of Speaker

42 Deputy Speaker

43 Performance of functions of Speaker

44 Qualifications for membership of Parliament

45 Disqualifications for membership of Parliament

46 Tenure of office of Members

47 Provision against double membership

48 Decision on questions as to disqualification

49 Filling of vacancies

50 Penalty for unqualified persons sitting or voting in Parliament

51 Staff of Parliament

52 Standing Orders

53 Use of languages in Parliament

54 Presiding in Parliament

55 Validity of proceedings of Parliament

56 Quorum

57 Voting

58 Exercise of legislative power

59 Introduction of Bills

60 Words of enactment of laws

61 Oath of Allegiance

62 Address by President

63 Privileges of Parliament

64 Sessions of Parliament

65 Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament

66 General elections

67 Remuneration of Members

PART VII

THE PRESIDENTIAL COUNCIL FOR MINORITY RIGHTS

68 Interpretation of this Part

69 Establishment of Presidential Council for Minority Rights

70 Temporary appointment during incapacity of member

71 Qualifications of members

72 Disqualifications of members

73 Termination of membership

74 Determination of questions as to membership

75 Oaths of Allegiance and Secrecy

76 General function of Council

77 Functions of Council in respect of Bills and subsidiary legislation

78 Copies of Bills and amendments thereto to be sent to Council

79 Functions of Council in regard to Bills enacted on a certificate of urgency

80 Functions of Council in regard to subsidiary legislation

81 Functions of Council in regard to certain written law

82 Duties of Chairman

83 Quorum and voting

84 Proceedings of Council to be in private

85 Council's report

86 Validity of proceedings notwithstanding vacancy in membership

87 Attendance of Minister, etc.

88 Power of Council to make rules regulating procedure

89 Annual report

90 Salaries and fees

91 Appointment of staff

92 Power to make rules generally

PART VIII

THE JUDICIARY

93 Judicial power of Singapore

93A Jurisdiction to determine questions as to validity of Presidential election

94 Constitution of Supreme Court

95 Appointment of Judges of Supreme Court

96 Qualifications of Judges of Supreme Court

97 Oath of Office of Judges and Judicial Commissioners of Supreme Court

98 Tenure of office and remuneration of Judges of Supreme Court

99 Restriction on Parliamentary discussion of conduct of a Judge of Supreme Court

100 Advisory opinion

101 Definition of "office"

PART IX

THE PUBLIC SERVICE

102 Public services

103 Interpretation of this Part

104 Tenure of public office

105 Public Service Commission

106 Disqualification for appointment to Commission

107 Tenure of office

108 Terms of service of Chairman and members of Commission

109 Secretary to Commission

110 Appointment, etc., of public officers

110A Education Service Commission

110B Police and Civil Defence Services Commission

110C Provisions applicable to Education Service Commission and Police and Civil Defence Services Commission

110D Personnel boards

111 Legal Service Commission

111A Promotion to significant grade

112 Protection of pension rights

113 Power of Public Service Commission and Legal Service Commission in relation to pensions, etc.

114 Pensions, etc., to be charged on Pension Fund or Consolidated Fund

115 Pension rights on transfer

116 Regulations regarding public service

117 Validation of acts done and rules made by Public Service Commission

118 Performance by Public Service Commission of other functions

119 Reports of Commissions

PART X

CITIZENSHIP

120 Status of citizen of Singapore

121 Citizenship by birth

122 Citizenship by descent

123 Citizenship by registration

124 Registration of minors

125 Effect of registration

126 General provisions as to registration

127 Citizenship by naturalisation

128 Renunciation of citizenship

129 Deprivation of citizenship

130 Deprivation of citizenship of child of person losing citizenship

131 General provisions as to loss of citizenship

132 Cancellation of enrolment as citizen

133 Procedure for deprivation

134 Deprivation of citizenship on acquisition of foreign citizenship

135 Deprivation of citizenship on exercise of rights of foreign nationals, etc.

136 Termination of citizenship of Malaysia

137 Deprivation of citizenship or cancellation of enrolment of child of person losing citizenship

138 Grant of certificate of citizenship in cases of doubt

139 Commonwealth citizenship

140 Application of Third Schedule

141 Repeal

PART XI

FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

142 Interpretation of this Part

143 No taxation unless authorised by law

144 Restriction on loans, guarantees, etc.

145 Consolidated Fund

146 Withdrawal from Consolidated Fund, etc.

147 Annual estimates and financial statements

148 Authorisation of expenditure from Consolidated Fund and Development Fund

148A Withholding of assent to Supply Bill, etc.

148B Power to authorise expenditure on account, etc., or for unspecified purposes

148C Contingencies Funds

148D Parliament may overrule President's withholding of assent to Supply Bill, etc.

148E Debt charges and moneys required to satisfy judgments

148F Appointment of Auditor-General

148G Duty to inform President of certain transactions

148H Publication of President’s opinion regarding certain liabilities of the Government

148I Transfer of Government's past reserves

PART XII

SPECIAL POWERS AGAINST SUBVERSION AND EMERGENCY POWERS

149 Legislation against subversion

150 Proclamation of Emergency

151 Restrictions on preventive detention

151A Defence and security measures

PART XIII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

152 Minorities and special position of Malays

153 Muslim religion

153A Official languages and national language

154 Impartial treatment of Government employees

154A Exemption

155 Authorised reprints of Constitution

156 Date of coming into operation of Constitution

PART XIV

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

157 Existing Standing Orders

158 Public officers to continue in office

159 Terms of service of persons who continue in office

160 Succession to property

161 Rights, liabilities and obligations

162 Existing laws

163 Person holding office of President immediately prior to 30th November 1991 to continue to hold such office


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